Effect of winter on the trees and the care they require.

Updated: Jan 28

Do quality tree service to avoid major damage.

Winter is approaching in the states of Rhode Island and Massachusetts and damage from low temperatures (e.g., cold and freezing) can occur in all trees in the area, but the mechanisms and type of damage vary differently. Some trees of tropical origin experience physiological damage when subjected to temperatures below +12.5 ° C, above the freezing temperature of the water. However, damage by temperatures greater than 0 ° C is more by cooling than by freezing. This phenomenon of low temperature occurs in all plants due to the formation of ice. Trees with tropical climates often experience significant freeze damage with temperatures slightly below zero, while trees with a colder climate do survive with little damage if the freezing is not very severe.

The old trees always have a special meaning in the lives of people, since they have grown with them and with their children, giving shade and fruit for years, they mean an emotional historical, cultural and ecological heritage, very appreciated by the generations in a determined location; formerly because of its economic and social value or as elements of a picturesque or romantic landscape, and recently as a result of our greater understanding of its considerable ecological importance.

However, despite the longevity these trees face the winters year after year resisting the low temperatures, so you have to take the necessary precautions to preserve their physical integrity and avoid possible dangers for people and property, branches or branches weakened by inclement cold, by freezing and snow falling on his body.

It is very important to maintain the day care of the trees that have served us for a long time, so that they live a life of better quality, beautiful and productive. Either it has been planted in a property or is the product of an inheritance from a previous owner, it is important to keep up with the care of the trees especially before winter which is a critical time, even for humans. It is recommended to use a calendar of preventive maintenance of trees and shrubs to guarantee the health of the vegetal species of your home or office.

One of the first things to contemplate is that although light tree pruning can be done throughout the year, the best time to do it is at the end of winter. The main reason why they should be done at the end of winter, is to avoid certain consequences that would occur if they are not done at this time.

  • If it is done during the spring or summer, when the trees are in full growth, many leaves are removed that are the ones that produce the sap, which can cause stagnation in the growth and weakening of the tree.

  • The pruning done before the winter begins will expose the pruning cuts to attacks of fungi and diseases.

  • There are some types of trees that if pruned in summer or spring lose a lot of sap and resin by the cuts in the branches. We speak of Conifers such as pine or cypress, or also walnut, poplar, birch, etc. On the other hand, if the pruning is done in winter, the cold prevents the resin and the sap from being lost by the cut.

  • With the fall of the leaves of trees in winter, you can better visualize those branches or branches that we are interested in pruning, for the possible danger they represent.

  • With regard to fruit trees, the best time for pruning is also winter, before the first buds begin to appear, since the tree can be recovered for the time of flowering, without affecting the fruit. Most plants hibernate from November to spring, and that period is precisely the best for pruning, an operation that invigorates the trunk and branches, regulates growth and eliminates diseased or damaged parts.

There are also aesthetic arguments for pruning at this time. In order not to make mistakes and respect the living being that is the plant, tree or shrub, pruning should be undertaken with knowledge of cutting techniques, which will be adapted to each case. Although it is not difficult, pruning means intervening in the nature of the plant so it is advisable to avoid any trauma that harms it. Pruning begins by observing the specimen carefully to diagnose and discover damaged, diseased or dead branches flush with the trunk of the branch or branch. Cutting these branches does not pose any danger, but to determine what additional branches to remove if you have to be cautious.


It is recommended to exercise extreme caution when performing any type of pruning on trees and even more of those of large size. Pruning is a traumatic operation that alters the development and natural morphology of plants, so it must be done with care and care. It is necessary to hire a formal company with good references of this type of service, to guarantee a professional job, insured and with ISA certified workers in the matter.

If you require any advice on this subject and a high quality and trustworthy service you can call us a: 401-659-6952 and we can make a visit and a free estimate.

It is also convenient:

  • Dig around the stem of the tree after performing winter pruning

  • Extend small mantle (organic fertilizer, leaves or pine bark) that serves to protect the roots of the cold, provides the necessary food during the winter and prevents weeds, in addition, aesthetically gives color and contrast to our garden.

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